Lợi ích và tác hại của Robot – Bài nói tiếng anh 10

Lợi ích và tác hại của Robot – Bài nói tiếng anh 10

Nowadays, Robot is used in factories across the world because the robots become more efficient and precise than humans. Advantages of Robots
such as Robots can work much time without any salary and food, do not require to sleep or take breaks, can not tremble or shake as the human hands do and can do the jobs that the people are unwilling to do. The disadvantage of Robots such as: Robot needs a supply of power, can take the place of many humans in the factories, can store large amounts of data but the storage, access, and retrieval is not as effective as the human brain. This limits how robots can help and interact with people.

Ngày nay, Robot được sử dụng trong các nhà máy trên khắp thế giới bởi vì các robot trở nên hiệu quả hơn và chính xác hơn so với những con người. Ưu điểm của Robot
chẳng hạn như: Robot có thể làm việc nhiều thời gian mà không có bất kỳ tiền lương và thực phẩm, không cần ngủ hoặc nghỉ ngơi, không thể run rẩy hoặc lắc như bàn tay con người làm và có thể làm những công việc mà người dân không sẵn sàng làm. Bất lợi của robot như: Robot cần một nguồn cung cấp năng lượng, có thể chiếm chỗ của nhiều người trong các nhà máy, có thể lưu trữ một lượng lớn dữ liệu nhưng việc lưu trữ, truy cập và thu hồi là không hiệu quả như bộ não con người. Điều này hạn chế như thế nào robot có thể giúp đỡ và tương tác với mọi người.

Viết bởi Nguyễn Trung Nhẫn

Cập nhật thêm 01/04/2018

Bài 1

Benefits of Robots (Lợi ích của Robot)

The first industrial robot was introduced to the U.S. in the 1960s. Since then, their technology has improved immensely creating many advantages of robots. The advancement of robotics has also caused robots to become more widespread across various industries ranging from manufacturing to health care. Many benefits of robots seem to be most noticeable in productivity, safety, and saving time and money.

Productivity (Năng suất)

Robots produce more accurate and high-quality work.
Robots rarely make mistakes and are more precise than human workers.
They can produce a greater quantity in a short amount of time.
They can work at a constant speed with no breaks, days off, or holiday time.
They can perform applications with more repeatability than humans.

Safety (An toàn)

Robots save workers from performing dangerous tasks.
They can work in hazardous conditions, such as poor lighting, toxic chemicals, or tight spaces.
They are capable of lifting heavy loads without injury or tiring.
Robots increase worker safety by preventing accidents since humans are not performing risky jobs.
Workcells provide safety features, separating the worker from harm’s way.

Savings (Tiết kiệm)

Robots save time by being able to produce a greater magnitude of products
They also reduce the amount of wasted material used due to their accuracy
Robots save companies money in the long run with quick ROIs (return on investment), fewer worker injuries (reducing or eliminating worker’s comp), and with using fewer materials.

The list of the advantages of robots does not end there; they have also created jobs for workers. Many people believe the misconception that robots have taken away jobs from workers, but that is not necessarily true. Robots have created new jobs for those who were once on production lines with programming. They have pulled employees from repetitive, monotonous jobs and put them in better, more challenging ones. They also allow US companies to remain competitive, keeping jobs local. Robots are user-friendly, intelligent, and affordable. The benefits of robots continue to grow as more industries incorporate them. Contact RobotWorx at 740-251-4312 for Giúp in choosing the right robot or get free price quotes.

Bài 2

Robots have many advantages, and production units that do not obtain their services will be left behind and will not be able to compete in quality, production, and cost.

Introduction (Giới thiệu)

Robots have been developed by extended modern research, and are being used in numerous industries for achieving advantages which would not be possible with human beings. Some of the advantages for using robots are mentioned below:
Operating In Unsafe Surroundings

There are numerous industries where the surroundings are unsafe for the employment of human labor due to the existence of hazardous environments. Robots can be used effectively in such environments where handling of radioactive materials is involved, such as hospitals or nuclear establishments, where direct exposure to human beings can be dangerous for their health.
Improvement In Quality

Robots perform operations with superior exactitude, ensure uniformity of production due to which rejections are minimized and reduce losses. Measurements and movements of tools being utilized are more accurate. Thus, the quality of the product manufactured is improved manifold compared to the performance by human beings.
Increase In Production

Robots have the ability to work continuously without pause, unlike human labor for which breaks and vacations are essential. Thus, production is increased by the utilization of robots in industrial applications, and consequently, the profits of the production unit are increased.
Execute Boring And Repetitive Work

In many production establishments work required to be executed is awfully boring, being cyclic and repetitive, due to which it is difficult for the operators to remain fully dedicated to their tasks and generate interest in their work. When tasks are monotonous, workers tend to be careless, thereby increasing the probability of accidents and malfunctions of machines. The utilization of robots has eliminated problems associated with boredom in production.
Duty During Adverse Hours

Most of the production units are required to function twenty-four hours, during day or night, on holidays, without any break so as to ensure increased production which is commensurate with the capacity of the machinery. Thus, human laborers who do not feel very comfortable working such odd hours can be employed accordingly. However, robots can be beneficially utilized whenever necessary.
Safety And Health Of Workers

Since robots are capable of working in hazardous environments, more dangerous operations are being handled by robots. Thus the safety and health of workers is ensured, thereby reducing expenditures on health and medicines. Robots are now engaged in hoisting and moving heavy objects, and perform other unsafe tasks.

Nguồn bài tham khảo: ket-noi.com
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